In late April, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) issued its first whistleblower award during the Trump administration, awarding almost $4 million to an individual that the SEC said provided the agency with original information that led to the successful enforcement of a covered action. In order to maintain the anonymity of the whistleblower, the SEC declined to disclose the identity of the organization involved. However, the SEC did say that the whistleblower submitted “detailed and specific information about serious misconduct and provided additional assistance during the ensuing investigation.”
Whistleblower Not Only Reported Suspicious Conduct, But Also Remained Involved in Investigation
In a press release, Chief of the SEC’s Office of the Whistleblower Jane Norberg said: “Not only did this whistleblower step forward and report suspicious conduct, but continued to help after we opened our investigation. Whistleblowers with specialized experience or expertise can help us expend fewer resources in our investigations and bring enforcement actions more efficiently.”
SEC Has Now Awarded $153 Million to 43 Whistleblowers
According to the SEC, approximately $153 million has been awarded to 43 whistleblowers since the SEC’s Office of the Whistleblower was established to administer the SEC’s whistleblower program. The SEC’s whistleblower program went into effect on July 21, 2010, when then-President Barack Obama signed into law the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. In total, SEC enforcement actions that have arisen from whistleblower tips have resulted in more than $953 million in financial remedies against wrongdoers the SEC has said.
Size of SEC Awards Has Varied from $4 Million to $30 Million
The largest whistleblower award issued to date came in September 2014, when the SEC awarded more than $30 million to a foreign resident who provided the SEC with key original information that led to the a successful enforcement action. The next largest award, approximately $22 million, was awarded in August 2016 to a former Monsanto Co. financial executive for reporting accounting fraud. Other larger awards have varied from anywhere between $4 million and $20 million.
Submitting a Tip to the SEC for Investigation
In order to initiate the process of receiving a whistleblower award, an individual must first submit “original, credible information” online or by mail/fax. These submissions can be anonymous with attorney representation, the SEC says. By law, the SEC is required to keep the identities of all whistleblowers confidential. Once a tip is received by the SEC’s Office of the Whistleblower, it is thoroughly evaluated by SEC enforcement staff for high quality information that warrants deeper investigation. If the SEC enforcement staff determines that laws have been broken, then an enforcement action is filed publicly against the wrongdoer. Where a settlement is reached, or an enforcement action is resolved favorably to the SEC, penalties are ordered against the wrongdoer.
Collecting a Whistleblower Award
Once an enforcement action is resolved, the SEC posts notice of covered actions exceeding $1 million to its website so persons who provided information to the SEC regarding the covered action can apply for a whistleblower award. Individuals who believe they are entitled to an award then have 90-days after the notice is posted to apply for an award by filling out and submitting a form provided by the SEC. The SEC then weighs various factors, including the claimant’s activities in whistleblowing to the Commission, or to another appropriate law-enforcement or regulatory authority or to an internal compliance system, and whether the actions identified by the claimant in requesting an award were necessary to, or reasonably in furtherance of the claimant’s whistleblowing to the Commission, in determining whether or not to make an award to the individual whistleblower.
Whistleblowers Awarded Between 10% and 30% of Sum Collected from Wrongdoers
If the Commission determines that an award is appropriate, it is authorized to award between 10 and 30 percent of the money collected in the enforcement action. All whistleblower awards are paid from a special fund established by Congress known as the Investor Protection Fund, which is funded by sanctions collected from securities laws violators. No money is withheld from harmed investors to pay any whistleblower awards.
Is the SEC’s Whistleblower Program in Jeopardy?
While the SEC’s whistleblower program has received more than 10,500 tips since 2011, the program may be in jeopardy according to a memo that was circulated in February among House Republicans. According to the memo, a provision of the proposed Financial CHOICE Act – legislation intended to rewrite the Dodd-Frank Act – would preclude individuals who were involved in any wrongdoing but not criminally charged from receiving an award. If the CHOICE Act is passed into law, it might make SEC enforcement work much more difficult, since it is likely a number of whistleblowers may have been involved in the wrongdoing they are reporting. It will be worth watching whether these measures make it into the final version of the bill, or whether the Act will pass at all.
Contact Our Whistleblower Attorney Team Today
If you or someone you know has information regarding possible violations of securities laws by your employer, please contact our whistleblower attorney team today for a consultation. You can contact our whistleblower attorney team via email at email@example.com, or by phone at 801-323-5000, or through our contact form.
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